Contrary to popular belief, you don't need a slow shutter speed to shoot the
moon, in fact you dont even need a tripod, the moon is very bright and is
the main subject of your pic, so use about a 1/250th at F8, bracket 1 stop
either side just for the sake of it, This means using 1/125th at F8 and
1/500th at F8, you can go half a stop either side if you want but that could
be difficult if your camera doesnt do half stops on shutter speed.
Everything in Photography either halves or doubles.
If you gain in one part you must lose in another and vice versa.
These are the standard F-stop numbers used in Photography, every second
number is approximately double. The larger the number the smaller the actual
1.8 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22
F-stop numbers also determine the "Depth of Field", how sharp an image is
going to be and how much of what is in the image is sharp.
For example f 1.8 to f 4 would give a shallow depth of field, making the
image focused on sharp but everything else in the frame fuzzy. Where as f 11
to f 22 would give an extensive depth of field, where almost everything in
the frame was sharp.
Shutter speeds are also set in the same manner as F-stop numbers in that
they are all double of half the number next to it. The 2 exceptions being
1/125 and 1/15, This is just down to the manufacturing process and means
nothing in particular.
1/1000 1/500 1/250 1/125 1/60 1/30 1/15 1/8 ¼ ½ 1sec
As a rule you will find that any shutter speed slower than 1/60 of a second
will require the use of a tripod.
Film speeds are available in a wide range and these also double or halve in
value as with shutter speeds and f-stop numbers. Film speed is measured in
ASA or ISO both are identical and will both appear on the film packaging.
The most common film speeds available are: -
3 6 12 25 50 100 200 400 800 1600 3200 6400
Speeds of 3 to 12 are very slow and give a much less grainy finish speeds of
100 to 200 are medium speeds and speeds of 400 to 6400 are fast usually
giving a much more grainy effect on the finished print, although modern film
production tends to give much less grain at all levels. 400asa/iso is a good
all round film. Normally thgre darker the scene the faster the film speed
shoudl be, this would allow you to use a faster shutter speed and a smaller,
( larger f numbers), apertures
For example if you start with the settings of f2.8 at 1/60 with 100asa film
and you really want to use a shutter speed of 1/500, which is an increase of
3 stops, then you must decrease the aperture by the same amount of stops,
bringing it to f8, The film speed can also be used in the same way to gain
the desired result.
so basically, let the camrea's meter decide what it would use, then change
to the shutter speed you want to use, and adjust the aperture to suit. if
you want to use a faster shutter speed you have to use a larger F number,
but both must be adjusted by the same number of stops, 3 clicks of the
shutter speed dial = 3 clicks of the aperture dial.
Hope this helps
"Admiralla" <admirallaNOSPAM.> wrote in message
news:bfa1as$6bf$1nntp-stjh-01-01.rogers.nf.net...years> I'm somewhat of a newbie. I have a Minolta XG-1 camera that's about 20all.> old and I LOVE it. Love taking pics with it.... especially since I have 2
> kids that are very photogenic.
> I did a basic photography course and can pretty much shoot anything in the
> daytime or with a flash... as for nightime. I've yet to take a nice pic of
> the moon. I always end up with too slow a shudder speed, or no shot at>
> When it comes to matching shudder speeds and arpetures, I get confused. I
> know that there is a bit of a system to it. Can someone offer a bit of
> advice? Particularly about a good setting to shoot the moon? I've always
> wanted a REALLY nice shot of a harvest moon.... Or a moon rise...